Letter 1 - Terms and Phrases PT. 2

There are a lot of acronyms used in the military during World War II and there still are many used today. 

P.O.W.= Prisoner of War

This has been used for a while - the reference in the letter has to do with World War I. The reference link below covers the history of prisoners of the war in Germany.

M.I.A. = Missing In Action

More than 75,000 American Soldiers were reporting M.I.A. during World War II. Often the status would be unchanged for years until remains were discovered and identified. The familiar military ID tags hold somewhat of a morbid origin in that they were used to identify the unidentifiable remains of soldiers. 

O.S.S. = Office of Strategic Services

The O.S.S. was a wartime intelligence agency during World War II and the predecessor to the Central Intelligence Agency (C.I.A.) 

K.P. Duty = Kitchen Police or Kitchen Patrol

Also referred to 'Mess Duty' in relation to cleaning up the mess left over from the meal. 

T/R = Transport or Transportation Request

Used by military as an abbreviation. Often arriving personnel would 'put in a T/R' when arriving on a military installation or base.